Peptic ulcers are the sores that develop inside the stomach, esophagus or small intestine and are caused by Helicobacter pylori infection, alcohol use, and some medications.1
Non-ulcer dyspepsia: Also called functional dyspepsia, non-ulcer dyspepsia is a painful feeling in the upper abdomen due to an unknown cause.2 Gastroscopy or endoscopy tests show no apparent signs of inflammation in the stomach or intestines.
Patients who suffer from peptic ulcer and non-ulcer dyspepsia should be careful about their diet as certain foods may worsen the symptoms. Some diets can aggravate stomach acid secretion, which causes further ulceration and delays the healing process.
Diets to Avoid
The following foods should be avoided, as these are commonly associated with aggravating peptic ulcers and non-ulcer dyspepsia.
- Spicy foods
- Hot drinks
- Alcoholic drinks
- Cream soups
- Citrus fruits
- Processed meats like sausages, hotdogs, and salami
How to Eat with Stomach Ulcers
Some people think an empty stomach is best and they quit eating early. This is the wrong instinct. An empty stomach may actually worsen the symptoms. Eating the appropriate alkaline foods help buffer the acidic environment in the stomach.3
All foods that are associated with gastric comfort should be avoided. Foods that worsen the symptoms by excessive acid production like red pepper, black pepper, caffeine, chili powder, tea, chocolate, cocoa, juices, citrus fruits, tomatoes, and cola beverages should be kept to a minimum.4 If these foods are necessary, try to make adjustments with the help of a physician.
- Chew food slowly and thoroughly.
- Do not swallow food in a hurry. Be calm and relaxed and eat peacefully.
- Quit smoking and drinking alcohol.
- Avoid eating just before going to bed. Eat at least 2 hours before lying down.
- Omit any food that causes stomach discomfort.
- Do not take aspirin, NSAIDs, and arthritis medications.
- Antacids help neutralize stomach acid. However, you should avoid antacids that contain magnesium as they may cause diarrhea.
|This sample diet provides the following:|
|Protein||84 g||Sodium||3,762 mg|
|Carbohydrates||249 g||Potassium||2,968 mg|
- Malik TF, Gnanapandithan K, Singh K. Peptic Ulcer Disease. Mayo Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol Board Rev. Published online June 11, 2022:49-56. doi:10.1201/b16120-13
- Francis P, Zavala SR. Functional Dyspepsia. Gastroenterology. Published online April 21, 2022:160-169. doi:10.1002/9781118932759.ch16
- Vomero ND, Colpo E. Nutritional care in peptic ulcer. Arq Bras Cir Dig. 2014;27(4):298. doi:10.1590/S0102-67202014000400017
- Marotta RB, Floch MH. Diet and nutrition in ulcer disease. Med Clin North Am. 1991;75(4):967-979. doi:10.1016/S0025-7125(16)30424-2